Spectrum is a suite of easy to use policy models which provide policymakers with an analytical tool to support decision making processes. Spectrum was used in modelling the magnitude of the HIV epidemic and the demographic, social and economic impacts in Swaziland. The projections were generated by a Mutisectoral Estimates and Projections Core Team led by NERCHA, in 2015.
Antiretroviral therapy has been identified as one of the interventions that can help lower the risk of HIV transmission from one person to another. The protective nature of ART was demonstrated in the HPTN 052 study, but this protection is at the individual level and translating this to the entire population is a function of ART coverage and efficiencies at the national level.
The report presents outcomes of the HIV/AIDS baseline survey commissioned by Matsapha Town Board. The survey focused on areas within the current boundaries of Matsapha urban area. The respondents were heads of households and representatives of companies at management levels. Matsapha Town Board commissioned the survey mainly to provide empirical data about the prevalence of HIV/AIDS as well as interventions and activities undertaken by various organizations in Matsapha.
The Cost of Hunger in Africa (COHA)is an African Union Commission (AUC)-led initiative through which countries are able to estimate the social and economic impacts of child undernutrition. Twelve countries are participating in the study. Swaziland is part of the four first-phase countries.
The 2011 Political Declaration on HIV/AIDS recognizes the urgent need to achieve the Millenium Developmnt Goals (MDGs0 targets, particularly MDG 6 aimed at halting and reversing the HIV epidemic by 2015.