The National Study on the drivers of violence against children in Swaziland presents results from a national Research to Policv and Practice process (R3P) study exploring the "Drivers of Violence Affecting Children". This applied research methodology, pioneered by UNICEF's Office of Research in partnership with the University of Edinburgh, was led in Swaziland by the Multisectoral Technical team on Violence (MTTV) working closely with the Deputy Prime Minister's Office. The University of Swaziland provided important local academic support.
The evaluation of the Extended Multisectoral HIV and AIDS National Strategic Framework (eNSF) 20142018 was commissioned to assess progress in meeting the HIV and AIDS response targets as well as the country’s progress towards achievement of the Umgubudla targets. The findings of the evaluation will inform the strategic direction for a new strategy 2018-2022.
The implementation of prevention and treatment and care components of the HIV program has resulted in a number of results. In terms of prevention; the Service Availability Mapping 2013 shows that HTC coverage has increased from 76% in 2008 to 92% in 2013, 150 facilities in 2010 to162 in 2013 for PMTCT and 24 in 2010 to 45 in 2013 facilities providing VMMC.
The TB Control programme of the Kingdom of Swaziland has been implementing a National TB Control Strategic Plan (TB NSP) covering the period 2010 - 2014. Before it elapsed and to inform the development of a successor plan, the government through the Ministry of Health requested WHO to lead a joint external review of the implementation plan and to assess its impacts on the TB situation in the country. The review was designed to identify successes and best practices to be enhanced and built upon, opportunities to be optimized, gaps to be embraced, and challenges to be addressed.
This TB National Strategic Plan (TB NSP) 2015-2019 is a successor plan for the 2010-2014, TB NSP. The goal of the 2015-2019 TB National Strategic Plan (TB NSP) is to achieve a 35% reduction of TB prevalence rate by 2019 to 907/100,000 of 2013. The NSP is based on five objectives for the next fives years as follows:
1. To increase TB case detection rates from 46% in 2013 to 70% in 2017 and 80% by 2019
2. To increase TB treatment success rates for all bacteriologically confirmes cases from 72.9% in 2013 to 90% by 2019
In response to key knowledge gaps regarding HIV among key populations (KP) in Swaziland and the Ministry of Health's expressed interest in addressing the needs of KP, two complementary research studies were conducted. The first, a quantitative study, was designed to evaluate HIV prevalence among KP in Swaziland and describe behavioral social, and structural factors associated with HIV infection in KP. The specific aims of this study were:
1. To calculate an unbiased estimate of HIV and Syphilis prevalence among FSW and MSM in Swaziland;