Spectrum is a suite of easy to use policy models which provide policymakers with an analytical tool to support decision making processes. Spectrum was used in modelling the magnitude of the HIV epidemic and the demographic, social and economic impacts in Swaziland. The projections were generated by a Mutisectoral Estimates and Projections Core Team led by NERCHA, in 2015.
Antiretroviral therapy has been identified as one of the interventions that can help lower the risk of HIV transmission from one person to another. The protective nature of ART was demonstrated in the HPTN 052 study, but this protection is at the individual level and translating this to the entire population is a function of ART coverage and efficiencies at the national level.
Swaziland's national HIV treatment program has not been evalueted since its inception in 2004. By the end of 2010, about 78, 919 patients had been initiated on antiretroviral therapy (ART). This study evaluates the clinical and immunological outcomes of HIV-1-infected adult patients who started ART in Swaziland between 2004 and 2010.
The 2011 Political Declaration on HIV/AIDS recognizes the urgent need to achieve the Millenium Developmnt Goals (MDGs0 targets, particularly MDG 6 aimed at halting and reversing the HIV epidemic by 2015.