When the first cases of hIV were discovered in 1986, academics and health practitioners predicted the potential of a wipe out of the Swazi population. The population growth rate was projected to become negavtive beginning 2004. However, the collective contribution of multisectoral partners in Government, communities, organizations and the health sector has enabled the Kingdom to achieve positive results in many areas.
Spectrum is a suite of easy to use policy models which provide policymakers with an analytical tool to support decision making processes. Spectrum was used in modelling the magnitude of the HIV epidemic and the demographic, social and economic impacts in Swaziland. The projections were generated by a Mutisectoral Estimates and Projections Core Team led by NERCHA, in 2015.
In response to key knowledge gaps regarding HIV among key populations (KP) in Swaziland and the Ministry of Health's expressed interest in addressing the needs of KP, two complementary research studies were conducted. The first, a quantitative study, was designed to evaluate HIV prevalence among KP in Swaziland and describe behavioral social, and structural factors associated with HIV infection in KP. The specific aims of this study were:
1. To calculate an unbiased estimate of HIV and Syphilis prevalence among FSW and MSM in Swaziland;