The main objective of this predominately ethnographic, mixed methods study was twofold: first it was explore adolescents’ access to and utilisation of available HIV services including testing, and antiretroviral treatment as well as adherence to the treatment and retention in HIV care. The second objective was to gain in-depth insight into the experiences of adolescents living with HIV in different family contexts in Swaziland, from the perspective of adolescents themselves.
The Swaziland Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys IV and V are nationally representative surveys of households, children, women and men. The main objective of the surveys is to provide up to date information for assessing the situation of children, women and men in Swaziland. Another objective is to furnish data needed for monitoring progress towards the goals established at the World Summit for Children and the Millennium Development Goals. The findings of the surveys are utilised by government and development partners for planning and monitoring programme implementation.
The Government of Swaziland has given high priority to the prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV (PMTCT) and according to the latest data, significant progress has been made in delivering PMTCT services in Swaziland. In 2010, Swaziland committed to the elimination of new infections in children and keeping their mothers alive through comprehensive scale up of PMTCT.